GARFIELD FAMILIES NEWSLETTER
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James Fagerburg Dick Garfield
Here it is December already with 2003 just around the corner. I hope the year has been kind to everybody and may 2003 be better yet. We had quite a bit of activety on the site this past month and have gotten some more additions for the family tree. I think I am going to start posting the new additions so everybody can view them and fill in blanks and make corrections as needed. Also got some more names to add to the "Veteran's Roll Call", thanks everybody for your input. See you next year, and God bless. Dick
WE GET LETTERS
Dick, AWESOME!!!!! I especially like the letters. My favorite one was from Caleb (my G.G.G grandfather) to his son Moses, my G.G. grandfather. Up until I read that letter, Caleb C. hasn't seemed real to me since I have not been able to find out much about him, let alone a picture, or a headstone, or burial site. The letter has made him seem more real to me. Thank-you again for this forum you have provided us.
Again was so pleased to receive the Garfield news. You do an excellent job. wish every family could have such a "leader" for their history and communication with relatives. It takes a lot of time, I'm sure. Thanks again, for keeping me part of it all. alm
Looking for information on George Garfield He was born in London or Peterborough England in 1870 He may have a brother named Jack. He married Hester Odom who was born in Washington state. He died in 1965 In Kamloops BC Canada. email@example.com
Hi Dick This is a little about the Garfields of Battle Creek Mi.
William J Garfield b.Oct-27-1862 Schroon NY. Son of Lemon(or Leman) Jackson Garfield and Louisa Magoon. William moved to Battle Creek Mi. in the 1880's with his wife Phoebe Wing Garfield b.May-2-1862. William d. Jan.-27 1904. Phoebe d.Aug. 1947. They had two children Charles b. July 2, 1894 d. Apr. 1964 and Harry b. Sep 6 1897 d. May 1967. Both Charles and Harry served in the army in WWI. Charles and his wife Mary Tinkham had one son Richard T. Garfield (Dick) b. Aug 17 1920 d. Dec 6 1994. Dick served in the Army Air Corp in WWII. Harry and his wife Violet ? had one daughter Phyllis. Richard and his wife Doris Bowden b. Apr 17 1922 had two sons Michael b. Sep 9, 1949 and Gary b. Oct. 10 1951. Mike and 1st wife Donna Capman had one son Michael P. Garfield b.Dec 13 1968. Young Mike seved in the Navy in the late 80's.Mike and 2nd wife Linda Jankowski b. Jan 5 1954 have two Daughters Katherine b. Aug 1979 and Kristine b. July 1984. Gary and wife Diane Courtright b.Jan. 25 1951 have three children Christopher b. Sep 30, 1972 Jennifer b May11,1975 and Katrina b. Oct 20, 1978.
I thought I would send this much and at least get the B.C. Garfields on the list.
Dick- Nice newsletter! If you want a quick overview of the English origin of
the immigrant ancestor Edward Garfield, go to my database on Rootsweb-
fryfam. Regards, Steve Fry
I particularly enjoyed the letters in this issue. It gives us a little insight in to their lives
back then. Steven Garfield
NOTE: Agnes Mitchell, sent me an e-mail telling me about a tombstone she had seen while visiting the College of the Ozarks in Ark. I got back with her asking for more details, this is her reply. Can somebody look into this more and fill us all in??
Sorry, the College of the Ozarks is in MO. not Ark. We stayed in Ark, then were driving on over to Branson, MO. A friend had told us about the spectacular greenhouses at the college, so we stopped there. The tombstone was "James Garfield 1830-1924" Copied the info because of that name! Maybe you can find something out about it. It was not erect as it would be on a grave, just leaning on something else next to the one greenhouse but definitely a granite tombstone Don't think I took a picture, may not have been carrrying the camera then, but will look up pictures of trip just in case. alm
GARFIELD FAMILY STORY
NOTE: This article on Eunice Cooley and Benjamin Garfield was sent to me by e-mail, some how I lost track of who sent it to me. I always try to keep a record of these e-mails so that I can credit the sender but some how slipped up on this one, if the sender will enlighten me on this, I will give you credit in the next issue, thanks. Dick
Eunice Cooley da. of Benjamin Cooley and Elizabeth Charles, b. Sept. 2, 1732, Brimfield, Mass.; d. about 1825-30, place unknown. On Apr. 13, 1752, her intention to wed was filed in Leicester, Mass., and on May 4, 1752, she was married to Benjamin Garfield of Leicester. He may have been the son of Benjamin and Bethia (How) Garfield, b. May 6, 1718, Marlboro, Mass., d. June 27, 1755.
Eunice m. (2), prob. in 1756, Ephraim Pratt, res. Hardwick (now Dana) and Wendell, Mass., d. Wendell, Jan. 20, 1809, bur. near Shutesbury and Lock's Village, Mass., prob. s. of Phineas and Martha (Puffer), b. Jan. 10, 1732, Sudbury, Mass. Eunice (Cooley) Garfield was his second wife; the name of his first wife is not known.
Benjamin Garfield and Eunice (Cooley) lived near Northfield, Mass., and had one or
more children, of whom nothing is known. One report cites a son, captured with his
mother by the Indians, who visited his mother in later years, but preferred to live like a
savage, as he had been brought up as an Indian; another report says she had only a
daughter, Eunice Garfield, concerning whose fate Mrs. Garfield was uncertain. It seems
likely that the story concerning the son is "historical fiction" rather than fact; such stories
were common regarding anyone with children captured by the Indians.
Married in 1752, captured in 1755, Eunice Cooley Garfield probably had a two-year-old
child and an infant; the infant was probably slain by the Indians; generally, when a long
march was intended, the mothers were not permitted to carry small infants with them.
In 1742 Orlando Bridgman had built a block-house on his farm, which stood within the
then limits of Northfield, Mass. The fort was strongly built and well-picketed, and occupied by three families, those of Caleb How, Hilkiah Grout, and Benjamin Garfield.
On the morning of June 27, 1755, three years after the marriage of Benjamin Garfield and
Eunice Cooley, these three men, with the two young sons of Caleb How, went to work in
a meadow on the bank of the river a little above the fort. About sunset they started to
return to the block-house. Mr. How and his sons were on horseback, and a little ahead of
the others. Upon reaching the meadow hill north of the fort, they were fired upon from
ambush. Caleb How was shot in the thigh and brought to the ground; he was then scalped by the Indians, and struck by a hatchet in the head and left for dead. His boys were taken alive. Grout and Garfield attempted to escape by crossing the river; Grout succeeded, but Benjamin Garfield was drowned.
As soon as it grew dark the Indians went to the fort, made the proper signal, which they
had learned, and were admitted. They took the women and children prisoners, killing all
infant children. The fort was then fired, and the captives started on their long trek to Canada.
There is nothing left of old Fort Bridgman. At the spot where the capture took place
(now Vernon, Vt.) is a large boulder, commemorating the capture, taken from the old
How farm, erected by the town of Vernon and marked with a tablet by the Brattleboro
Chapter of D. A. R.; the monument seems to be largely to the memory of Caleb How, as
no mention is made of the other two families involved. The Indians took their captives to Canada. Eunice (Cooley) Garfield seems to have been a woman of considerable personal beauty, as well as of fortitude and presence of mind. She adapted herself to the situation by a forced cheerfulness and because of her evident courage gained favor with the Indians, and was thus treated fairly well on the long march.
For many days she kept a sharp lookout for aid, expecting to be rescued by her husband,
of whose death she learned only on her return. With the other two women she took turns
standing all night, to be ready for quick flight, but no help came.
After many days and nights of travel, footsore and weary, the captives finally reached a
French settlement in Canada. Here the Indians sold them as slaves. Eunice was sold to a
French family, of which she quickly became a beloved and trusted member, and was soon entrusted with the purchase of all household goods and supplies. Longing for her
freedom, she told her story to one of the tradesmen whose friendship she had gained. He
was a kindly man and offered to put $10 with every dollar she could save, to be repaid
after she got home, so that she could purchase her liberty; this she eventually did. She was sent to France, and from there to England and thence to Boston. She probably reached Massachusetts some time in 1756. In 1758, she was paid a sum of money by New
Hampshire to cover her last year in Canada.
On her return to Massachusetts, Eunice learned of her husband's death. Shortly thereafter
she became the second wife of Ephraim Pratt, and she lived for nearly half a century in
Hardwick (now Dana), where she was widely known and beloved as "Aunt Pratt." People
came from a long distance to see the old lady, and to hear the story of her Indian
adventures. She lived to be well past 90. The place of her burial is unknown. Old graves
in Dana were dug up in the process of building a reservoir for Boston; no record has been
found of the old gravestones. Her second husband, Ephraim Pratt, is buried in the Pratt
graveyard near Shutesbury and Lock's Village, with his son and grandson. At the time of
her death Eunice may easily have been living with one of her numerable descendants, and have been buried in the lot of one of the other members of her family.
NOTE: My records show that Benjamin was indeed the son of Benjamin and Bethia How (spelled Howe in my records) and it also says that Eunice was Benjamin's 2nd wife, that he marreid first in Sept of 1748 a Beulah Parmenter. Dick
NOTE: The following was sent to me by Judy Jebian, thanks Judy - Dick
ENGLISH ORIGIN OF
EDWARD GARFIELD OF
Robert Charles Anderson
The first record for Edward Garfield in New England is his admission to freemanship of Massachusetts Bay Colony on May 6, 1635. Given the requirement of church membership as a prerequisite for freemanship, and given also the fact that most passenger ships did not leave England until late spring and therefore did not arrive in New England until summertime, we may conclude that Edward Garfield had very likely arrived in New Englnd by 1634. Edward Garfield settled in Watertown; and appeared regularly in the records there for the next four decades.
Henry Bond created much confusion in the accounts of this family, by
splitting the immigrant into two men, and then doing the same with his eldest son.
He first presents "SAMUEL GARFIELD... a proprietor 1642, and had a son
SAMUEL, who apprenticed to John Flemming, Nove 1, 1653. He was
probably a son of the first Edward Garfield, but there is no further record of him."
This is followed by "EDWARD GARFIELD died in Watertown, June 14, 1672,
aged 97. He was probably the father of Samuel, above mentioned, and of Edward,
next following." And what follows is an account of Edward Garfield, who had a son Samuel, the latter being credited with fifteen children, the eldest of whom was
a son John, born on 8 Feruary 1645/6. Savage was unable to untangle this
presentation, and so went along with Bond, although with obvious reservations
("if Bond be correct," and "It seems to me, that Dr. Bond has confused the father
and the son making each die on the same day, and the age of the elder forbidding the
likelihood of his being the father of the children").
The road to resolving this problem leads through records in England. In 1883
William P.W. Phillimore published an article in this journal entitled "The Garfield
Family in England," and in 1895 he returned with a three-part article entitled
"More Notes on the English Garfields." In the first of these Phillimore
presented a variety of records for the surname Garfield in the parishes of Cold
Ashby, Kilsby, and Ashby Ledger, all in the western part of Northamptonshire,
close to the border with Warwickshire. Ralph Garfield who died in London in
1607 was apparently derived fron one of these parishes and he had a son
Benjamin who was "beyoned the seas" in 1607. Phillimore notes that Ralph
Garfield "had business beyond the seas, and his son's absence from England at
the time of his death seems to afford some ground for suggesting that he may
have been nearly akin, perhaps uncl, to Edward Garfield, of Watertown, Mass.,
who was born about 1575. It is also somewhat suggestive of kinship that Ralph
Garfeild's (sic) son and grandson were both called Benjamin, name likewise
borne by President Garfield's ancestor, the fourth son of Edward Garfield.
In the second article Phillimore was able to present a wider range of English
records on the Garfield family. He noted that "the Engilsh Garfields were settled
in the neighborhood of Rugby on the borders of the two counties of Warwick and Northampton from the early part of the sixteenth century...and it seems
probable, though it is obviously impossible to prove it, that all Garfields are akin
to one another." Having made this statement, he then devoted several more
pages to records of the Garfields of London and vicinity. Nothing additional is
said about a possible close connection between these London Garfields and the
immigrant to New England.
Pillimore then switches gears with the following statemnt: "Dismissing
from our notice the London Garfields, we return to those fo Northamptonshire
and Warwickshire."The rest of the article is mostly devoted to will abstracts
from these two counties and to parish register abstracts from Church Lawford,
Warwickshire,. Phillimore concludes without arriving at a solution to the problem,
but discusses some possible placements for Edward Garfield in the families and
records presented here. And there the problem has stood for more than a century.
Phillimore does, however, point the way to the solution. "It will be observed
that we have a record at Lichfield of the administration of one Edward Garfield of
Hillmorton in 1586; as he was a mrried man it is of course, possible that he was
the father of Edward Garfield, of Watertown, Mass., the stockfather of the
American Family, who was born about 1575." This was the on occurrence of
the given name Edward in all the records set forth by Phillimore.
The parish register of Hillmorton, Warwickshire, does exist, and commences
in 1564. "Edward Garfyld" was buried there on 12 March 1585(6)". this would
be the "Edwarde Garfeelde of Hillmorton, Warwickshire," administration of
whose estate was granted on 27 September 1586 to "Alice", the relict. The
inventory, dated 1586, was made by Thomas Perkins, Thomas Smyth, William
Sawbridge, and Richard Bumley. There are also in this register the baptisms of
seven shildren to Thomas Garfield; the first of these was a son Edward, baptized
on 28 JJuly 1583. In this baptismal entry, the mother's name is given as Agnes. For
the remaining six children of Thomas, the name of the mother is not given. As
will be seen below, the few remaining Garfield entries in the Hillmorton register
may be plausibly arranged as fitting into one family, consisting of the elder
Edward, his children and grandchildren.
After the baptism of his youngest child, Elizabeth of Hillmorton on "the last
of July 1598," there are no further records for Thomas, his wife, or any of his
children in that parish. Of the other Warwickshire parishes he had identified as
being the home of some members of the Garfield family, Phillimore himself
examined the register of Church Lawford. Examination of the registers of
Rugby and Clifton on Dunsmore revealed no other records for an Edward
Garfield, although there was an "Eadmond Garfyld, the sonne of Thomas Garfyld"
baptized at the latter parish on 19 July 1607. (Interestingly, in every
Northamtonshire and Warwickshire parish investigated by Phillmore and by the
present author, there was an adult Thomas Garfield having children baptized in
the closing decades of the sixteenth century.)
A check of the IGTI for Warwickshire led to the discovery of three baptisms at
Holy Trinity, Coventry, for children of an Edward Garfield in 1611, 1613 and
1616. The middle of these three was Samuel, baptized on 1 October 1613, a
date that is, as we shall see, consistent with what is knowon of Samuel Garfield in
New England. In this same Coventry parish are also the burial on 22 February
1615/6 of "Agnes Garfield," and the marriage on 19 January 1622/3 of "Henry
Garfeild and Agnes Martin." The Edward Garfield baptized in Hillmorton in 1583
would have been twenty-eight in 1611, and he had a mother Agnes and a brother
Henry, baptized in 1593. The records for Edwrd Garfield in Coventry are
consistent, looking backward, with those of Edward of Hillmorton and looking
forward, with those of Edward in Watertown, and on this basis we assume here
that all these records pertain to one man, the imigrant to New England.
Savage had, in fact, put his finger accurately on the problem. The date of
death of the supposed elder Edward (14 June 1672) is bracketed by the dates of
making and proving of the will of the supposed younger Edward (30 December
1668 ad 16 July 1672). (The set of circumstances is precisely parallelled by the
case of William Dady, who had arrived in Charlestown by 1630, and as we shall
see, the solution to the problem is the same in both cases.) In this will, Edward
Garfield made bequests to "my son Samuell Garfield," "my son Joseph Garfield,"
"my daughter Rebecka Mixter," " my daughter Abigall Garfield," "my grandchildSarah Parkhurst," "Sarah Garfield my grandchild." Ephraim Garfield my grandchild" "my beloved wife," and my loving son Beniamine Garfield."
If Bond's position were the correct one, we would expect to see many
instances in which the father and son were distinguished by the markers of
"Junior" and Senior," but this never occurs. And the Edward Garfield who
married the widow Buckmaster gave his age on 8 October 1670 as "aged ninety-four years or thereabouts" (an age that was undoubtedly inflated by a few
years). When we combine these observations with the data reported above on
Edward Garfield of Hillmorton and Coventry, Warwickshire, we conclude that
there was only one man of that name in early New England, and that he had two
sets of children, two decades and more apart with two wives.
The supposed elder Samuel Garfield was a proprietor in 1642 and had a son
Samuel who was old enought to be apprenticed in 1653. In Bond's listing of the Children of the supposed younger Samuel, there is no son Samuel, but his will
(abstracted by Bond) does give a son of that name, apparently the eldest child and
so presumably born by about 1644. The discovery of the baptism on 1 October
1613 of a Samuel Garfield, son of the immigrant, relieves the difficulties. This
man is certainly of the right age to be the proprietor in 1642, and to have a child
by 1644, and to leave a will by 1684. There was only one Samuel Garfield where
Bond postulated two.
Edward Garfield's bequest to "my grandchild Sarah Parkhurst" raises some
interesting questions. His youngest child, daughter Abigail, is said to have
married John Parkhurst. But at the time of her father's will she was still
unmarrried, with provision being made for the reallocation of her legacy if she
should die unmarried, so this "grandchild Sarah Parkhurst" was not her daughter.
Only two women named Sarah Parkhurst have been indentified prior to the date
of Edward Garfield's will: Sarah (Brown) Parkhurst, daughter of Abraham Brown
of Watertown and wife of the younger George Parkhurst; and their daughter
Sarah, born at Watertown on 14 September 1649. "George & Sarah Parkhust"
also had a son John, born at Watertown on 10 June 1644.
An interesting solution to this problem is possible. In the distribution of the
estate of Abraham Brown there is mention only of his grandson John Parkhurst,
where as Edward Garfield refers only to granddaughter Sarah Parkhurst, With his
first wife, Edward Garfield had a daughter Sarah, baptized on 1 November 1616.
The records cited here allow the possiblity that George Parkhurst married Sarah
Brown, that they had a son John born in 1644, that his wife died, and that George
then married Sarah Garfield, with whom he had a daughter Sarah, born in 1649.
This bring us back to Abigail Garfield, who is supposed to have married to John
Parkhurst. The reference to Sarah Parkhurst in the will of Edward Garfield does
not provide support for this marriage, nor has any independent evidence been
found for this event. The marriage has been retained in this account as a
probability, but a careful study of the Parkhurst family should be undertaken, both
for this problem and the one discussed just above.
1. EDWARD GARFIELD was born say 1528, and was buried at Hillmorton, Warwickshire, on 12 March 1585/6. He married by about 1553 ALICE ___?___ (assuming that she was the mother of all his children). Administration on the estate of Edward Garfield was granted on 27 September 1586 to :Alice, the relict", and she is almost certainly the woman of that name who was buried at Hillmorton on 15 February 1603/4.
There is no direct evidence that any of these four individuals listed below were children of Edward. They are placed here because they are the only Garfields of this generation in the Hillmorton register and, based on their dates of marriage, their births could have taken place in the course of a decade.
Children of Edward and Alice ___?___ Garfield:
i. Elizabeth Garfield, b say 1553; m. Hillmorton 27 April 1573 John Yorke.
(his name is difficult to read)
2. ii. Thomas Garfield, b say 1557; m. by 1582 Agnes ___?___.
iii. John Garfield, b say 1560; m. Hillmorton on (an illegible date) in July 1586
Alice Gumley. John was buried at Hillmorton 2 Feburary 1636/7, and Alice
was buried there 30 NOvember 1632.
iv. Mary Garfield, b say 1562; m. Hillmorton 13 October 1582, Thomas Hewarde.
2 THOMAS GARFIELD was born say 1557, and married by 1582 Agnes ___?___.
Thomas is last seen on 31 July 1596, at the baptism of his youngest child. If our basic argument as to the identity of Edward Garfield is correct, then Agnes is presumably the woman of that name buired at Holy Trinity, Coventry, on 22 February 1615/6.
Children of Thomas and Agnes (___?___) Garfield (all baptized Hillmorton,
3. i. Edward Garfield, bp. 28 July 1583; m. __?__-__?__; m. (2) Rebecca ___?___;
m. (3) Joannna (__?__) Buckmaster.
ii. Thomas Garfield, bp. 20 Feb. 1584/5.
iii. William Garfield, bp.14 March 1586/7.
iv. Margaret Garfield, bp 9 Aprial 1589.
v. Sara Garfield, bp 2 June 1591.
vi. Henry Garfield, bp.20 Oct. 1593; presumalby the man of that name who married at Holy Trinity, Coventry, 19 Jan.1622/3, Agnes Martin.
vvi. Elizbeth Garfield, bp 31 1596
3. EDWARD GARFIELD (Thomas, Edward) was baptized at Hillmorton, Warwickshire, on 28 July 1583, and died at Watertown on 14 June 1672, "aged about 97"(again probably an exaggerated age at death). He married first in England 1611 __?__ __?__ (given the naming of a daughter Sarah, and the emphasis on granddaughters named Sarah in Edward's will, we might guess that Sarah was the name of this first wife). He married second by 1637 Rebecca ___?___ who died at Watertown on 16 April 1661. He married third at Watertown on 1 September 1661, Joanna (__?__) Buckmaster, widow of Thomas Buckmaster.
Children of Edward and __?__ (__?__) Garfield (all baptized Holy Trinity,
i. Jonathan Garfield, bp 13 Oct. 1611, bur. there 31 Oct 1611
ii. Samuel Garfield, bp 1 Oct. 1613; m. (1) Susanna _______; m. (2)Watertown 18 Sept. 1652, Mary Benfield.
iii. Sarah Garfield, bp 1 Nov 1616; possibly m. by 1649 George Parkhurst.
Children of Edward and Rebecca (__?__) Garfield (all born Watertown, MA.):
iv. Joseph Garfield, b 11 Sept 1637; m. Watertown 3 April 1663, Sarah Gale
v. Rebecca Garfield, b. 10 March 1640(1?); m. Watertown 10 Jan 1660(/1), Isaac
vi. Benjamin Garfield, b say 1643; m. (1) b;y 1674 Mehitable Hawkins, daughter of Timothy Hawkins; m. (2) Watertown 17 Jan 1677(8?) Elizabeth Bridge.
vii. Abigail Garfield, b 29 June 1646; probably m. by 1671 John Parkhurst.
I wonder how many of you do as I do? When someone sends me a new list of their Family Tree Branch the first thing I try to do is connect it to the Edward Garfield of 1630. Surely, from 1630 to 2002, a period of 372 years more then one Garfield has come to this country and was or got married and raised a family. So maybe some of these times when we hit a brick wall trying to connect with Edward, we are barking up the wrong tree. I corresponded with one Garfield couple I saw on the internet and they said their line came from Ireland, much later then 1630. Anyway, just a thought.